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Enterprise 2.0: How a Connected Workforce Innovates

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via Harvard Business Review

Enterprise 2.0 tools—wikis, tags, Twitter and other microblogs, Google-style searches, and the like—are transforming companies’ innovation processes, according to Andrew P. McAfee, a principal research scientist at the MIT Sloan School’s Center for Digital Business, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the author of the forthcoming book Enterprise 2.0: New Collaborative Tools for Your Organization’s Toughest Challenges (Harvard Business Press, 2009). McAfee explains why in a recent conversation with HBR senior editor Anand P. Raman.

How do the new social technologies transform innovation efforts?

Companies have traditionally been very specific about who’s going to do the innovating: their designers, engineers, scientists…Those people have the credentials—the right combination of education, experience, success, failure, and so on. More recently, companies have allowed major users of their products to participate in the product-development process.

Some companies now say: Why stop at lead users? Why not let everyone take a crack at helping us develop a new product, improve an existing one, or solve a vexing problem? They no longer specify who can participate in the innovation process; they welcome all comers. Enterprise 2.0 tools are designed to help with these more open innovation processes. In fact, most new types of innovation, such as open innovation and crowdsourcing, are based on these technologies.

Procter & Gamble, which has embraced the open-innovation philosophy, does some smart things on its Connect + Develop website. P&G doesn’t only publicize what it knows and what it can do; it also highlights what it needs. That’s radical; big companies don’t usually display their ignorance. In addition, the company doesn’t restrict itself to product development; it’s looking for new ideas in everything from trademarks, packaging, and marketing models to engineering, business services, and design. Finally, P&G invites everybody to submit ideas—not just prequalified partners. It recently bought the technology for an antimicrobial product from an unknown company that submitted a proposal through the website.

Does the use of Enterprise 2.0 technologies yield better ideas? Won’t a company simply drown in bad ideas?

Keep two things in mind. One, there’s no guarantee that your next innovation challenge is going to look anything like your last one. It might require a fresh perspective or skills that your existing innovators don’t possess. A company that uses Enterprise 2.0 technologies can publicize the challenge widely and collect responses from many people. Two, the community that forms around the challenge can help sift the ideas. People suggest improvements and vote on one another’s ideas, so the best ones eventually rise to the top.

Because of Enterprise 2.0 technologies, good content becomes apparent over time. A good idea isn’t always obvious. For example, Gwabs is a game that lets characters fight one another using the elements on a computer desktop, such as toolbars and icons. It came out of a crowdsourcing start-up, Cambrian House, which solicited ideas from a large community and let them vote. It then had the top vote getters face off in a tournament. The company’s executives thought Gwabs was a pretty dumb idea, but it won the tournament. In fact, investors are now funding the game’s development.

Written by Daniel Casarin

dicembre 21, 2009 at 9:49 am

Pubblicato su Strategie

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Enterprise 2.0: Marketplace 2009

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via SocialComputingJournal.com

Latest analysis of the Enterprise 2.0 marketplace for 2009 with over 70 social computing platforms evaluated.

The term Enterprise 2.0 itself is used to describe “emergent, freeform, social” collaboration tools in the workplace. In their simplest form that means blogs, wikis, and social networks and we’re seeing wide adoption of these types of tools in the workplace this year. In fact, nearly half of large companies around the world have these tools in one form or another.

The challenge is that because it’s such an interesting space both in the consumer world and the enterprise, that means there are lots of players including commercial products, SaaS (hosted online), and open source. Sorting them out and figuring out which ones are strong contenders is hard work.

Read the full analysis of the Enterprise 2.0 Marketplace for 2009: Robust and Crowded. The Enterprise 2.0 Marketplace Map is below, you can also click on the visual to expand it to full size. You can get a list of the companies and their segment ranking here.

Map of the Enterprise 2.0 and Social Software Space for 2009 (similar to Gartner Magic Quadrant
Click To Enlarge

The visual is broken down into two primary: incumbent enterprise players that are frequently taking their CMS, DMS, and ECM systems and adding Web 2.0 features such as tagging, blogs, wikis, and user profiles, or Web startups and open source-based firms that have built Enterprise 2.0 apps from the ground up.

There’s a third category that represents the Enterprise 2.0 “Sweet Spot”. Only a few products reached this critical space (marked in green in the upper right) because they are both enterprise savvy and capable as well as had the right ingredients to enable Enterprise 2.0 and create vibrant internal collaborative communities.

Further Reading: The enterprise microblogging marketplace for mid-2009. The folks over at CMS Watch have created their own version of the enterprise social software map as well. You can read the details from Tony Byrne and I’ve included one of their key graphics below:

CMS Watch Social Software Sextant and Map for 2009

Written by Daniel Casarin

novembre 29, 2009 at 10:02 am

Pubblicato su Trend

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Social Media Marketing e Turismo 2.0

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via Socialware.it

Ecco le slide dell’intervento di Claudio Vaccaro, che quest’anno era incentrato sul Social Media Marketing per il turismo 2.0: ovvero come strutture turistiche, agenzie e imprenditori del settore turistico in generale debbano e possano improntare una strategia di marketing e PR sui Social Media, incrementando la reputation ed engagement grazie all’approccio conversazionale.

Social Media Marketing per il turismo 2.0

Written by Daniel Casarin

novembre 27, 2009 at 7:21 am

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Il Nuovo Potere dei Consumatori

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via Vincos.it

Anche quest’anno si è svolto a Roma l’evento organizzato da me e dai miei colleghi di Digital PR dal titolo “Il nuovo potere dei consumatori sul web 2009“. Un momento di riflessione sul rapporto tra aziende e social media, che pare sia stato apprezzato dai partecipanti in particolare per l’equilibrio tra teoria e casi concreti.

Tra le presentazioni più di scenario mi ha colpito quella di Davide Bennato (Università di Catania) che, partendo dalla constatazione che le istituzioni sociali sono in crisi, ha sottolineato come proprio la tecnologia (attraverso strumenti paradigmatici come iPhone e Twitter) possa aiutarci a ridare nuovo senso a spazio, tempo, valori, che sono alla base delle istituzioni sociali.

 

Variegate e inedite le testimonianze aziendali:

Pepe Moder (Barilla) ha espresso chiaramente come la visione dell’ecosistema digitale che ha l’azienda (con il sito web corporate al centro e i social media in posizione periferica) è diametralmente opposta a quella degli abitanti della rete (che al centro dei propri interessi metteno Facebook, blog, forum, YouTube, …). Emblematica della diffidenza delle aziende verso i social media è il racconto del timore iniziale del management di Barilla di scrivere autonomamente la voce di Wikipedia relativa (cosa possibile come spiegato chiaramente da Frieda Brioschi) “perchè scriverla noi? Magari ci criticano, lasciamolo fare ad altri”;
L’obiettivo di un brand oggi dovrebbe essere, secondo Pepe, di creare un mondo di significati, un “vocabolario comune”, fatto di tasselli che i consumatori possono utilizzare autonomamente per “parlare dell’azienda”.

Continua su Vincos.it

Written by Daniel Casarin

novembre 25, 2009 at 1:49 pm

Pubblicato su Strategie

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Social Business: Overcoming The Obstacles

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via Harvard Business

While social media often commands favorable media attention, the less often told story is that successful initiatives are rare to come by and that there are still a number of organizational roadblocks that managers need to overcome in order to make progress.

Still, we are seeing signs of progress in the form of new efficiencies, more direct ways to connect with customers, and ways to make products and services better. From my experience working and talking with people in large, complex organizations, here are a small sample of obstacles to look for with suggestions on how you might overcome them:

  1. Culture shock

  2. Externally, social media is a vastly significant iteration of the Web which has empowered the public in ways we never imagined. It’s also highly disruptive. The same potential for disruption exists internally for organizations. Instead of everyday consumers becoming empowered, everyday employees now have this potential as well. And this could cause a culture shock to the system of an organization structured upon decades of tradition, hierarchy, middle management and incentives. An inconvenient truth remains that change is often perceived as a threat.

    How to overcome it

    Find the change agents within your organization who are passionate about making your company better and harness their passion for the benefit of your business. Comcast’s Frank Eliason was a customer service manager who began engaging (and, more importantly, helping) customers via his personal Twitter account. When the rest of the company was made aware of the initiative (and the ensuing positive attention), they decided to reward the effort as opposed to doing a u-turn. A great way to overcome culture shock within a large organization is for leadership to recognize and embrace the mavericks driven to change things for the better. The next challenge then becomes scale.

  3. The legal treadmill

  4. The changes sparked by technology are giving the lawyers a headache. Legal teams must be on full alert to changes in the social media landscape, such as the FTC’s recent decision to force bloggers to disclose when they’ve been given payment or products. The legal department of any organization exists to protect it. But sometimes doing business at the speed of real time makes it feel like you are on a treadmill when you need to be sprinting to the finish line.

    How to overcome it

    Legal needs to be engaged early on and by the right people. There also needs to be support from the top if it means doing something that pushes the boundaries. Michael Dell fully supported Dell’s pioneering social media efforts from the top down which no doubt influenced decisions made in the legal department. That said, not everything has to involve the CEO. When I recently approached The Art of Shaving (a P&G brand) to sponsor our Movember team, I advised them that the first thing they should do is talk to their legal department. The brand manager did just that and legal produced clear guidelines about how the social sponsorship would work. In order to get off the legal treadmill, you need a combination of leadership and collaboration.

  5. Riskphobia

  6. Making strides toward thriving as a more socially calibrated business means taking a risk or three. And in this economy, no one wants to do that. Unless your organization has a serious entrepreneurial streak running through it, it’s likely that the people who work in it are generally risk averse and rewarded for playing by the rules. However, riskphobia is a serious problem for large companies who are finding their businesses disrupted by smaller, more nimble players. Tower Records probably wishes they took some more calculated risks before the industry came crashing down around them.

    How to overcome it

    Risk can often be managed by piloting small initiatives to see what happens — while learning, gathering data, and iterating on them while they inform bigger and better initiatives. When our company launched our website, we included a real-time stream of our activities and content on our homepage. The stream even includes information about who we email (you don’t see names, but you do see the domains). Some view this as risky business, but we felt that the gesture would help us help others manage the risks of transparency and we can manage what gets shared. It’s a small gesture, but meaningful as we hope to help others manages their own risks.

Written by Daniel Casarin

novembre 18, 2009 at 11:44 am

Pubblicato su Strategie

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The Impact of Social Models: Do Social Models Affect Contribution?

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via Functioning Form

In earlier articles, I outlined the unique characteristics of community, group, 2-way/symmetrical, and 1-way asymmetrical social relationships in online software. But do these distinct social models result in different user behavior?

Initially, contribution behaviors seem to hold steady across different social models. For example, if we look at status update creation in both Facebook (a large 2-way connection set) and Twitter (a large 1-way connection set), we see some similarities.

  • 12% of all Facebook users update their status at least once a day (2-way model)
  • 14.7% of all Twitter users post an update at least once a day (1-way model)
  • 40.5% of Facebook users have updated status in past 7 days (2-way model)
  • 49.6% of all Twitter users posted an update in past 7 days (1-way model)

Though the 1-way model on Twitter seems to have a slight leg up on Facebook’s 2-way model, this may be more a result of Twitter’s perceived purpose than anything else. However, when we look at where these contributions originate clear differences show up.

  • 30% of production comes from 10% of users on a typical (2-way model) social network
  • 90% of production comes from 10% of users on Twitter (1-way model)

There seem to be even bigger differences between community-based relationships and 2-way personal relationships. Comparing contribution page views (those responsible for creating a new content asset -photos, videos, events) to the total number of page views for a gvien Web site shows an interesting contrast.

  • .0032% page views vs. video uploads on YouTube (community) worldwide
  • 1.89% page views vs. content contribution (not counting status updates & comments) on Facebook (2-way model) worldwide

Though comparing page views in this manner is imperfect to say the least, the magnitude of difference (58,000% more contribution?) suggests there’s something worth paying attention to. In fact, a recent Harvard Business Review research article compared contribution across 2-way, 1-way, and community based sets. Their results found notable differences as shown in the graph below.

user contribution differences

So do social models affect user contribution? Yes, contribution does seem to change as relationships get tighter. But there is more to it than that…

Coming Next … In the next article about my Impact of Social Models talk, I’ll describe a few interesting findings that emerged when I compared contribution across these different social models.

Written by Daniel Casarin

novembre 18, 2009 at 6:48 am

Pubblicato su Trend

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